Type 2 Diabetes Part 4 (Diagnosis and Treatment)

Health Tips

Diagnosis

Your doctor can perform a blood test to determine if you have type 2 diabetes. For confirmation of the diagnosis, you’ll usually be tested in two days. However, if your blood glucose is very high or you have a lot of symptoms, you may only need one test to figure out what’s going on.

The following tests may be done to confirm Diagnosis, fasting glucose test, a random glucose test, an A1c (glycated hemoglobin test) test and Oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). These tests were briefly discussed in earlier posts.

Treatment

Type 2 diabetes can be controlled with a combination of lifestyle changes and medication.

Changes in lifestyle

The combination of diet and exercise may be enough to achieve your blood sugar goal.

  1. Loss of weight. Losing weight can help. At the very least, you should lose at least seven percent of your body weight. Losing around 13 pounds for someone who weighs 180 pounds can change their blood sugar levels. Even so, portion control and eating healthily are a great place to start.
  2. Eating healthy most of the time Type 2 diabetes does not have a specific diet. Accessing a registered dietitian can help you learn more about carbs and develop a meal plan that you can stick with. Concentrate on:
    Reducing the number of calories you consume
    Reducing refined carbs, especially sweets, is important.
    You can improve your diet by eating more vegetables and fruits.
    Increasing your fiber intake
  3. Exercise. Be sure to engage in physical activity for 30 to 60 minutes a day. It doesn’t matter what you do as long as your heart rate is raised. Add strength training, like yoga or weightlifting, to the mix. Pre-workout snacks may be necessary if you’re taking medication that lowers your blood sugar.
  4. Keeping an eye on your blood sugar levels is a must. When it comes to testing your blood sugar levels, your doctor will let you know if you need to do so and how often.

Medication.

Your blood sugar levels may need to be controlled with medication if lifestyle changes aren’t working. Among the most common for type 2 diabetes are:

  • Thiazolidinediones
  • Metformin
  • Sulfonylureas
  • Meglitinides
  • Insulin

Even if you adopt a healthier lifestyle and take your medication as prescribed, your blood sugar levels may continue to rise over time, despite your efforts. There’s nothing wrong with that. A number of diabetics require more than one medication as the disease progresses.

Consult your doctor to know the best possible combination or course for you.

Eat, drink and live right.