The majority of ovarian cysts are asymptomatic, many cysts are discovered by chance, like during a routine inspection or when you get an ultrasound scan for another reason.
Your doctor may inspect your tummy (abdomen) and perform an internal (vaginal) examination if you have symptoms that point to an ovarian cyst. They might detect an abnormal swelling, which could be a cyst. They’ll inquire about your discomfort and other signs and symptoms. A cyst can be fluid-filled, solid-filled, or a mixture of the two. Your doctor may suggest one or more of the following tests to determine which type you have:
- Test for pregnancy. A positive pregnancy test could indicate the presence of a corpus luteum cyst.
- Ultrasound of the pelvis. Sound waves are used to create a picture of your uterus and ovaries. Your doctor can determine whether you have a cyst, where it is located, and what type it is.
- Laparoscopy. A thin instrument containing a light and a camera is inserted into your belly through a small cut by your doctor. They can examine your ovaries and remove any ovarian cysts that are present.
- Test for CA 125 in the blood. Your doctor may want to check your blood for levels of a protein called CA 125 (cancer antigen 125). If you have a partially solid ovarian cyst. It’s more common in women with ovarian cancer, as well as those with uterine fibroids, endometriosis, and pelvic inflammatory disease (PID).
Ovarian cysts might cause unexpected difficulties in certain women. It’s crucial to get regular checkups because your doctor might notice these during a pelvic exam.
- Torsion of the ovaries. Cysts that grow large enough might cause the ovary to twist and shift. Torsion of the ovary (ovarian torsion) is extremely painful.
- Rupture. Cysts, especially large cysts, can break open, causing considerable discomfort and bleeding. A rupture might be exacerbated by vaginal sex and other activities. A ruptured cyst can heal on its own in certain cases, but it’s more typically a medical emergency.
- An ovarian cyst that has become infected. An ovarian cyst can produce an abscess in reaction to a pelvic infection. If the abscess rupture, the infections can spread throughout your body, posing a serious health risk.
Always consult your doctor for routine check ups and medical advice.